Published at Blauwe Kamer architecture magazine in the Netherlands 2020.

Fontys – Masters of Architecture and Urban Planning MA+U

Tutors: Jan Willem Kuilenburg,  Peter Feenstra

External Personal Mentor: Alda Alagič

Student: MO.Kabbara

Project Location: Lebanon – Chekka

Architecture Beyond Cement

The project is derived from the discourse architectural materials in application and its impact on architecture and its surrounding. The cement quarry of Chekka northLebanon represents a live example on this topic. It’s withdrawals on the social – economical – environmental microclimates are catastrophic. The idea is to generate a new circular design that could be replicated in similar cases. A strategy of phases “Time/space” of quarries shut-down process was superimposed onto the site. 

Introducing Timber Wood as an alternative building material throughout developing a forestation project as a new circular production, a notion that will have a corrective impact on both restoring the quarry and rejuvenating the microclimates in the area and its surrounding. The steps to be implemented through a gradual shutdown of the quarry without affecting the current stakeholder “owner & workers”, through re-sculpting the mine and introducing terraces for future agricultural production. The second phase is to invite alternative agriculture and livestock farming in which it will help in the restoration process as it will induce new environmental microclimates with the help of insects, birds and mineral wastes of livestock. The final phase is to initiate a new model of building material production based on timber and its alternatives, an arena for business investments and material development, an ambition to create a new local currency based on dissembled building materials. As a result, there was a need to engage architectural intervention and up-cycle existing structures, that serves the strategy. 

Functions are to be spread in the quarry through a forestation center embedded in the terrains for logistics, development , and research. A mixed used structure that includes facilities such as exhibition spaces, flexible offices, and a canteen. And shared business platforms to be used by local entrepreneurs, nestled in the new sculptured terraces and facilitates a new circular economy in the site. These architectural structures represent prototypes made of timber wood and/or CLT. The intention is to provide an example of democratic spaces that could be transformed at any time by its end users, while the design derived from an abstraction of regional and vernacular typologies. 

Program
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